Cairns & Surrounding Suburbs in 4870 QLD Australia

Cairns state library 1936

History Of Cairns

by Kitty Jellinek
Prior to British settlement, the Cairns area was inhabited by the Walubarra Yidinji people, who still recognise their indigenous property rights The area is known in the local Yidiny language as Gimuy. In 1770, James Cook first mapped the future site of Cairns, naming it Trinity Bay. Closer investigation by several official expeditions 100 years later established its potential for development into a port. Cairns was founded in 1876, hastened by the need to export gold discovered on the tablelands to the west of the inlet. The site was predominantly mangrove swamps and sand ridges. The swamps were gradually cleared [...]

Cairns QLD 4870

by Kitty Jellinek
Cairns: Coordinates: 16°55′32″S 145°46′31″E is a regional city in the far north of Queensland, Australia, founded 1876. The city was named after William Wellington Cairns, then-current Governor of Queensland. It was formed to serve miners heading for the Hodgkinson River goldfield, but experienced a decline when an easier route was discovered from Port Douglas. It later developed into a railhead and major port for exporting sugar cane, gold and other metals, minerals and agricultural products from surrounding coastal areas and the Atherton Tableland region. The population is approximately 145,528. Cairns is located about 1,700 km (1,056 miles) from Brisbane. It [...]